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Dog Breeds 101

For thousands of years now, dogs have been selectively
bred to produce varieties with characteristics superior to their
predecessors. At first, the breeding focused on the dog's use,
for example its hunting ability. This resulted in a vast
diversity of dog breeds. But it did not stop there, later dogs
were bred for more distinct and attractive forms.

A variety of dogs can be called a breed (distinct kind of
family) on the condition that its parents have offspring of the
same characteristics (e.g. behavior and characteristics). This
is called true breeding.

Generally speaking, the majority of traditional breeds are
termed "purebreds". Domestic dogs in general are called Canis

The following are the different classifications of dog breeds:

* Bulldogs

* Extinct dog breeds

* Cur

* Fighting dogs

* Gun dogs, including Pointers, Retrievers, and Spaniels

* Herding, including Sheepdogs

* Hounds, including Sight hounds and Scent hounds

* Sled dog

* Hunting

* Toy

* Terrier

* Working (or Utility)

However, these can be further classified into smaller but
similar dog breeds, such as the Lurchers, Mastiff types,
Pitbulls and Spitz types.

The herding breed is most commonly known as the sheepdogs. They
have the ability to control the behavior (specifically the
movements) of other animals. These are usually an intelligent
type of dogs and are devoted to their owners, whom they consider
partners, for they normally use their own judgement as well as
their owner's commands. Most forms of this breed have the
tendency to drive and to gather the herd.

The examples of the herding type are Puli, Briard, German
Shepherd, Collie, and Old English Sheep dog.

The oldest dog breeds is the hounds. They are differentiated
into two categories:

* Sight hounds -- which hunt by sight and include the greyhound

* Scent hounds -- which hunt by scent and include the foxhound

* Some breeds have the combination of both and some don't look
like hound dogs at all.

The examples of which are the Basenji, Basset hound, English
Foxhound, Saluki and the Beagle.

On the other hand, are the non-sporting dogs, also known as the
companion dog breeds. This is the most diverse of all dog breeds
and is sometimes considered the catchall for dog types that
cannot be categorized elsewhere. The following are the examples
of this dog breed: Bulldog, Boston terrier, Dalmatian, Chinese
Shar-pei, French Bulldog, Standard and Miniature Poodle, and
Tibetan Terrier.

The sporting breed are the modern hunters. In general, they work
with hunters to complement the hunter's abilities. Setting and
pointing breeds work by locating game for the hunter. Spaniels
are known for flushing out the game so the hunter may shoot the
prey. The retrievers bring the game back to the hunter. Examples
of this type are the Labrador Retriever, Golden Retriever,
Chesapeake Bay Retrievers, English Setter, Field Spaniel,
Pointer and the Sussex Spaniel.

The terrier group includes the dogs that hunt for rodents and
other vermin found near the ground. The term terrier actually
originated with the word "terra," which means earth. Some were
later bred to fight against one another. Vermin-catching
terriers are further classified into two types: the long-legged
and the short-legged.

Examples of this dog breed are the Irish Terrier, Bull Terrier,
Lakeland Terrier, and the Miniature Bull Terrier.

The toy dogs are usually comprised of the miniature version of
the other groups of dogs. However, quite a number of these types
are ancient in origin, which makes it difficult to trace them
with other dog varieties. This group includes: Chihuahua,
Papillion, Japanese Chin, Poodle, Pug, and the Toy Fox Terrier.

The working dogs on the other hand are known for their
intelligence and hardiness. They are sub-divided into:

* Sledding breeds

* Protecting or guarding breeds

* Rescue breeds

* Carting breeds

Examples of this dog breed are the Boxer, Alaskan Malamute, Bull
mastiff, Great Dane, Doberman, Newfoundland, and Rottweiler.

(c) Dog door- All things for your dog.


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